Much of the effect of the image is due to its lighting work.

In cinema, lighting is more than just illuminating objects, just to show them. The lighter and darker parts of the frame help to create the composition of each facade, thus focusing our attention on specific objects and actions. A spot that receives more light can draw the viewer’s eye to an important point, in contrast, the shadow obscures the details or creates a suspense about what might be behind the shadow.


Lighting helps to make the textures stand out: the lines of a face, the delicacy of a spider’s web, the rough texture of wood, the radiance of a piece of jewelry, etc.


Lighting also shapes the overall composition of the facade. Lighting can affect our sense of the shape and texture of the objects on display. For example, if light shines on a ball from the side, we will see a semicircle, and if light hits it from the front, it will look round. Sunlight can be used to provide lighting during the day. Sunlight has a full spectrum and is well compatible with the human visual system physiologically and psychologically. But in addition to enjoying daylight, you can use electric light or a combination of both.


One of the most important issues in lighting is shadows, because shadows can greatly contribute to the sense of space. There are two important types of shadows, both of which play an important role in cinematic composition:

Attached Shadow: When a part of an object blocks light on another part, the shadow created is a continuous shadow. For example, when you stand in a dark room facing a candle, parts of your face and body are exposed to darkness. This is a continuous shadow phenomenon.

Cast Shadow: In the same example of a candle, your body blocks out light and casts a shadow on the back wall, which is the shadow cast.


The quality of lighting depends on the relative intensity of the light. This way we have two limits of lighting:


Hard lighting: As the name implies, hard lighting is used in which intense light is used. In nature, for example, the midday sun produces hard light. In harsh lighting, shadows are quite sharp and sharp, creating sharp textures and edges.

Soft lighting: In soft lighting, the lights are diffused and the light intensity is lower and softer than hard lighting. For example, cloudy skies are soft. In this lighting, the lines and textures are slightly softer, there is more light scattering and a softer contrast between light and shadow.