From the early 1860s, when artificial instruments and motion picture displays were created using devices such as vortices and peroxynoscopes, to the present day, when digital tools and virtual reality cover more than half of cinema, the fascinations of the wonderful world accompany cinema. done. Developed from simple optical instruments, they were capable of displaying consecutive images at a speed at which the images appeared to be moving. This phenomenon was called landscape permanence. Naturally, the images had to be precisely designed to have the desired effect, so special underlying principles were considered as the basis for making the animated film.
With the development of celluloid film for still photography, it became possible to take pictures of moving objects. In the early stages of technology, it was sometimes necessary for the viewer to look inside a special device to view images. In the 1880s, with the advent of the motion picture camera, it became possible to capture single images and record them on a ring, which quickly led to the invention of the motion picture projector. The device transmits light through processed and printed film and displays “moving images” on a screen (usually silver in color) with optical magnification. These movie screens became known as “moving pictures”. The first motion picture films had a static scene mode in which an event or action was shown without any editing or other cinematic techniques.
Moving images were considered visual art only until the end of the 19th century. But the initiative for silent films had also taken over the minds of the people. At the beginning of the 20th century, the story structure of films gradually took shape. During this period, films were made in the form of sequels that told a whole story. These scenes then gave way to multiple scenes from different angles and dimensions. Other techniques, such as moving the camera, were also used as effective ways to tell the story of the film. Instead of keeping the audience silent, the theater owners hired a pianist or organist or a full orchestra to play music that suited the atmosphere of each scene. In the early 1920s, along with most films, a list of film music was released. In the flagship products, these musics were presented with films.
The growth of the film industry in Europe stopped with the outbreak of World War I, while the film industry in the United States flourished with the advent of Hollywood. However, in the 1920s, European filmmakers such as Sergei Einstein and Friedrich Wilhelm Marneau co-founded the American Inventor. W. Griffith et al. Raised the level of this medium. In the 1920s, new technologies made it possible to attach speech, music, and sound effects to the film to fit the soundtrack. These audio films were originally known as “sound images” or “accents”.

The next major development in the film industry was the introduction of color. Although the addition of sound spread rapidly, color was gradually used. Most people did not care about the color of the film. But as color processing methods improved and became more competitive with black-and-white films, more and more color films were produced. This was the end of World War II. American filmmakers recognized color as a key element in attracting audiences and used it in competition with television (which remained a black and white media until the mid-1960s). In the late 1960s, color became the norm for filmmakers.
The 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s saw changes in film production methods and styles. New Hollywood, a new wave of French and the promotion of films by educated and independent filmmakers; All of them were transformations that the film experienced in the second half of the 20th century.
At the end of the 20th century and on the eve of the 21st century, digital technology and the use of computers revolutionized the way film was produced, distributed and shown. The use of computers to create special effects, complex animations, and the recording and playback of sound close to the reality of the scene caused many changes.
At the beginning of the 21st century, efforts are being made to combine film and virtual reality. The film industry in Iran has been established for more than one hundred years.

Ranco Studio Film Department has been working with a group of artists to make films and animations, as well as investing in selected projects for production.