The activities of this unit include making and producing 3D, 2D, stop motion and motion graphics animations.
Animation is the rapid and continuous display of images of two-dimensional artwork, or situations of real models, to create the illusion of motion. The smooth movement of dynamic images in animations is due to a visual error caused by the phenomenon of image persistence. Animation can be dynamic in the form of both analog media such as motion picture, videotape or in digital media, flash animation and digitally recorded video or “GIF”. A camera, computer or projector with new technologies can be used to display animation. The most common way to show animation is cinema or video. An animation is created in both traditional and digital ways.
The word animation comes from the Latin word and word (Latin: animātiō) and means “to move the image”, “animo” means “to move” the image to “and” -ātiō “means” to do or do “. .
The earliest examples of attempts to capture the illusion of motion in static design can be found in Neolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted in several overlapping shapes, which is clearly an attempt to convey a sense of motion. Pottery belonging to the people of the burnt city has been found, and the designs on this cup have a purposeful repetition and show movement. A repetition that is the foundation of today’s animation art.
French filmmaker Georges Mellis, who made special effects for films such as Journey to the Moon, used many techniques in his work, one of which was to hold the camera rotate, make a small change in the scene, and then rotate the camera again. This is very similar to the idea that later became a stop-motion biography. Mellis came up with the technique by accident. The camera broke when he caught a bus passing in front of the camera. While the camera was being repaired, just as Mellis was filming, a horse accidentally passed in front of the camera. The result was that in the movie, the bus looked like a horse.
The production of short animated films, commonly referred to as “cartoons”, became an industry during the 1910s, and short cartoons were produced for screening in motion pictures. The most successful old biography producer was John Randolph Berry, who, along with Earl Heard, co-founded animation or animation on talc, which dominated the animation industry for the rest of the decade.
Stop Motion
The set of techniques that are created by frame-by-frame imaging by the camera and photography and in the real physical environment, including hidden visible elements, for example: light and lighting fixtures, decor, gravity, etc., are included in the Stop Motion series, in which Frame is a picture of real objects, animation moves objects or characters in the scene frame by frame slightly, and takes pictures. The illusion of moving objects is created when the film frames are displayed consecutively. (Like The Dead Bride directed by Tim Burton)
2D animation
In a 2D animation, the characters, stories, and contexts are all in 2D environments, and shapes can move up and down, left and right.
In other words, in 2D animation, shapes and images are drawn based on the two X and Y axes.
These animations do not seem to be deep and are flat.
Motion graphics
Motion graphics is a combination of the two words motion means motion and graphics means image; Which is made by graphic programs. John Vinty was the first to introduce the term into a multimedia dictionary. Motion graphics is a combination of the art of graphic design, animation, and the science of using designed elements, which is eventually combined with music and related sound effects.