The storyboard is a bridge between a written script and the visual media world. If the story is written in the form of a screenplay, the best mezzanine should be designed for each scene. In visual media, telling a story with an image is a necessary step in discovering how the story will be translated into film. The illustrated script allows to find the best way to visualize each action of the story. In addition to discovering the visual expression of the story, one must work on the cinematic characteristics of the film, such as camera angles, composition, continuity, movement of objects and characters, slices, gestures, facial expressions, and to some extent rhythm.


If the producer gives the director and the storyboard designer enough time, they will actually have a chance to process and tell the story in the best possible way. The more time spent on the storyboard, the brighter and better the result will be. In an ideal system, the production of an animated film does not begin unless the storyboard has been completed and its defects have been rectified. Since the storyboard is the last step of the cheap stages (compared to other parts of the production such as animation, special effects, etc.) in the production process, it is therefore the best possible time to investigate and resolve any potential problems that may be wasted in the future. Loss of budget, facilities or useful human resources.

The design of the storyboard is usually done after the decoupage step and the information written by the director is inserted next to the pictures. Storyboards are also used to design websites and interactive applications and to build computer games.

In the early 1930s, Walt Disney Studios developed the storyboard process as we see it today. Walt Disney’s son Diane Disney Miller wrote in his father’s autobiography that the first full-length short story for the three-pig animated short was drawn in 1933. According to John Canmaker in the 1999 issue of Hyperion, early storyboards were taken from comic strip books in the 1920s to create the subject of short animations such as Crazy Plane and Willie Steamship.


In Walt Disney’s art book, Christopher Finch wrote that Disney gave Webmaster Animator the opportunity to draw scenes on separate sheets and paste them into a board to tell the story of a sequence, creating the first storyboard.


Wasted is one of the first movies with a full story. David Selznick hired William Cameron Menzies, the production designer, to design all the scenes for the film. Many high-budget silent films also had storyboards, but in the 1970s many of these were lost during the studio cleanup.


In the early 1940s, having a storyboard became common in many film productions and became a standard for pre-production illustration.

The following steps must be completed or ready before a director and storyboard designer can begin to plan:

• Story

• voice recording

• Character design

• Design of places

• Design of equipment and details of scenes


Examples of designs and images that express the graphic space and animation style under preparation (to inform the storyboard designer).

At first, the story is divided into different sequences by the director. Each sequence is also divided into smaller scenes (plans) that will make the final product during the production phase. The place where the events take place and the time of the events are important factors that help the director in the construction of each sequence.


The rhythm of a story is a narrative phrase that describes an event or action. Each beat of the story is represented by a scene consisting of several scenes. A scene is a complete or partial representation of an action of the story, from a single point of view. It can be connected to another perspective by cutting, sweeping, merging, disappearing from one view. In the portfolio section, you can see a number of storyboards designed in Ranco Studio.