Strategic planning is an organizational process for defining an organization’s strategy and deciding how to find the resources needed to achieve the goal of the strategy. This process also involves people and resources.
In order for an organization to know where it is going, it must know exactly where it is now. He then has to define what he wants to be and how to get there. The documentation of this process is called the organization’s strategic plan.
Strategic planning is used for effective planning to visualize an organization’s plan, but it can never predict exactly what the market will be like in the future and what will happen in the near future.
Strategic thinkers and experts in the organization should design the organization’s strategies based on surviving in difficult conditions.

In fact, strategic planning is a kind of formal image of the future of the organization. Each strategic plan will answer at least one of the following questions:

What exactly are we doing?
Who do we work for?
How do we do our job best?
In business planning, the third question may be asked as follows:
How can a competitor be eliminated or avoided?
In this approach, we seek to defeat our rivals rather than be the best!
In many organizations, the strategic plan is about where the organization will go next year, which is more commonly true for the next three to five years (long term), although some organizations have extended their vision to the next 20 years.

Basically, the strategic management process can include the following “three steps”:

1) Formulation of strategies: determining the mission of the organization, identifying opportunities and threats to the external environment, identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the organization, setting long-term goals, considering various strategies and selecting specific strategies to continue activities;

2) Implementation of strategies: setting annual goals in the organization, setting policies, motivating employees and allocating resources to implement the developed strategies

3) Evaluate strategies

Also, the strategies and strategies of the organization should be formulated and implemented based on “sufficient knowledge” of the following:
1) The mission and purpose of the organization
2) Micro and macro goals of the organization
3) The core values ​​and culture of the organization
4) Internal strengths and weaknesses of the organization
5) Opportunities and environmental threats of the organization